Техника и технологии
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  • Ядерный реактор дома - почему бы и нет, когда сделаны уроки

    Rachel Gluck

    Подросток из США Джексон Освальт вошел в Книгу рекордов Гиннесса, собрав дома ядерный реактор в 12 лет.
    Джексон официально стал самым молодым человеком в мире, который произвел ядерный синтез. Предыдущий рекордсмен Тейлор Уилсон собрал реактор в 14 лет.

    Что еще известно:
    Джексон Освальт живет в штате Теннеси. В 12 лет он загорелся идеей собрать дома действующий ядерный реактор и выполнил задуманное за несколько дней до своего 13-летия. В проектировании и сборке ему никто не помогал, семья мальчика даже не понимала, что он пытается сделать в игровой комнате.

    По данным Книги рекордов Гиннесса, сейчас Джексону Освальту 15 лет. Он не так часто проводит эксперименты, но обещает сделать что-то еще более впечатляющее.

    Middle school student achieved nuclear fusion in his family playroom
    By Rachel Gluck
    Published 06 October 2020

    Hours before his 13th birthday, Jackson Oswalt (USA) fused together two deuterium atoms using a reactor he had built in the playroom of his family home in Memphis, Tennessee.

    This could only mean one thing. Jackson officially became the world’s youngest person to achieve nuclear fusion.

    His impressive achievement was verified by Fusor.net, The Open Source Fusor Research Consortium, and confirmed by fusion researcher Richard Hull, who maintains a list of amateur scientists who have achieved fusion at home.

    This incredible feat has led him to be one of the stars of this year’s Guinness World Records 2021 edition, alongside other record holders.

    Jackson was first introduced to nuclear fusion at just 12 years old while doing research online.

    He learned about Taylor Wilson, a self-taught nuclear physicist, who also achieved nuclear fusion at a young age.

    This ultimately inspired him to attempt to build a reactor himself, but Jackson clarified that he was the only person to have any involvement in its design or production.

    Jackson was not always convinced he would be able to obtain nuclear fusion and achieve a Guinness World Records title.

    «I was unable to achieve a strong enough vacuum to ‘ignite’ the fusion reaction, but with perseverance I achieved my goal.» — Jackson Oswalt

    As the idea of accomplishing nuclear fusion within an ordinary household seemed impossible, at first, Jackson’s family and friends did not understand what he was attempting to do.

    Many thought his project was a bit outlandish, but Jackson continued despite the doubts and eventually showed his close circle that his plans were not only real, but were also well thought out.

    Within his home, Jackson’s lab is quite extensive and he describes it as having too many parts to even write down!

    Although the pandemic has kept him at home, he's been exploring the infinite amount of learning material online and has been able to continue researching his interests.

    Now, at 15 years old, Jackson no longer conducts experiments that often, as he’s decided to look for his «next best thing».

    Jackson is proud of his accomplishment and making it into the Guinness World Records 2021 book is the cherry on top.
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    5 комментариев

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    Перевод неправильный. Это не ядерный, а термоядерный реактор. Также известный, как фузер.
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    хотя, конечно:
    «Fusion, for those of you who slept through high-school physics, is the process of
    squashing two atomic nuclei together to produce a new element. Many light-weight
    nuclei give off copious energy when this happens. In the Sun, hydrogen nuclei fuse (we
    pretend we know the mechanisms) to form helium. A tiny fraction of the original mass is
    converted to energy according to E = mc2
    The process occurs deep in the Sun's core, at mind-boggling temperatures that cause the nuclei to move rapidly, where similarly mind-boggling pressure keeps the nuclei in close proximity, and sheer bulk prevents rapid heat escape.
    The physics community often calls these „thermonuclear reactions“ »
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    PS в «Предпросмотре» выглядит нормально, а при «добавить» почему-то конфликт форматов :)
    Sorry for the inconvenience
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    Конечно важно называть вещи своими именами, не допуская терминологической путаницы, но посыл этого поста в ином — вдохновить старперов, которые не могут пресловутого гвоздя забить или розетку починить — на «подвиги» :)
    И, хотя все это «фьюзионирство» не имеет IMHO выхода на практическое применение, с технической стороны ( кто в этом понимает ) вызывает уважение.
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    У нас вот как принято: только зарегистрированные и авторизованные пользователи могут делиться своим мнением, извините.